Intrauterine Contraceptive Device (IUCD)

Intrauterine Method

An IUCD is a small, flexible, often T-shaped device wrapped in copper that is placed inside your womb by your healthcare provider.

INTRAUTERINE CONTRACEPTIVE
DEVICE (IUCD)

Intrauterine Method

An IUCD is a small, flexible, often T-shaped device wrapped in copper that is placed inside your womb by your healthcare provider.

REGIMEN

<5-10
YEARS

BENEFITS

Highly effective

Long-acting reversible

Easy to hide

 

    IUCD FOR BIRTH CONTROL IS EASIER THAN IT LOOKS

    It is a highly effective, small, T-shaped device containing a copper thread or cylinders which is placed in the uterus by your healthcare provider. The IUD releases copper ions which immobilizes the sperm and makes it really hard for them to move around in the womb, but does not stop the ovaries from releasing an egg each month. On the rare occasion a sperm does get through, the copper stops a fertilized egg from implanting itself to the lining. The IUD, once inserted into the womb, can stay in place for up to 5 or 10 years or until you decide to remove it.

    Intrauterine Device - IUD - Barrier Method

    HOW TO USE INTRAUTERINE CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICE (IUCD)

    The IUD is inserted into the woman’s womb through her vagina by a well-trained healthcare provider where it stays for up to 5 or 10 years depending on the type or brand. You can of course change your mind at any point and your healthcare provider will remove it for you. After the IUD is removed, the contraceptive effect wears off quickly and you can become pregnant as rapidly as women who have used no contraceptive at all.

    PROS & CONS OF INTRAUTERINE CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICE (IUCD)

    • It can stay in place for up to 5 or 10 years (depending on the type), but can be removed any time
    • At 99%, it’s one of the most effective contraceptive methods
    • Suitable for women who want long-acting reversible contraception for up to 5 or 10 years and wish to avoid daily, weekly or monthly regimen
    • It doesn’t interrupt sex
    • It isn’t affected by other medications
    • It can also be used as emergency contraception, if inserted within five days after unprotected sex
    • It can offer an alternative to those affected by the hormone estrogen
    • It can be used when breastfeeding
    • Fertility returns to previous levels once the IUD is removed
    • It requires a trained healthcare provider for insertion and removal
    • It may causes cramps and/or irregular bleeding
    • Some women experience headaches, tenderness and acne after an IUD is fitted
    • Small risk of infection at insertion and of expulsion
    • Does not protect against HIV infection (AIDS) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

    FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

      An IUD (Intrauterine Device) insertion is usually well tolerated by most women. Local anesthesia may be applied to the uterine cervix prior to the insertion. Some women may experience pain and dizziness after insertion, which usually settles after resting for a short time.

      The IUD can be used as an emergency contraception and must be inserted within 5 to 8 days (ideally within 120 hours) after unprotected sex. Because of the insertion procedure, the IUD is not suitable to be used regularly as emergency contraception.

      Neither you nor your partner should feel the IUD during sexual intercourse. If you do, sexual intercourse should be avoided until your doctor has checked that the IUD is still in the correct position.

      The IUD must be inserted by a trained healthcare provider who will follow the necessary procedure to ensure it is correctly positioned. Occasionally, the muscular contractions of the womb during menstruation may sometimes push it out of place or expel it. Very rarely it can perforate the wall of the uterus. If a user of an IUD experiences any unusual bleeding, pain or discomfort, her doctor must be informed as soon as possible.

      Use of sanitary pads is recommended. If tampons are used, you should change them more frequently, and with care so as not to pull the threads of the IUD when manipulating the tampon.

      Women with an IUD can experience an increased duration and heaviness of menstrual flow.

      An IUD can be left in place from 5 up to 10 years, depending on the type. After this time, it will need to be replaced with a new device. If this method of contraception has worked well for you, and if you still wish to use a long-term contraceptive option, then you can discuss with your doctor or healthcare provider about continuing with this method.

      There are two main types of IUD, or intrauterine device. Both are permanently placed into the womb, but differ in mode of action and life-cycle.

      The IUS (intrauterine system), aka the hormonal coil, prevents pregnancy by constantly releasing a low dose of the hormone progestin. Depending on the product you select, it can remain in your womb for 3 to 5 years.

      The IUD, aka the copper coil, releases copper ions that interfere with sperm mobility and prevent fertilized eggs from implanting into your uterus.

      Both methods are completely reversible, which means you can have the device removed whenever you decide.

      The IUD (intrauterine device), aka the copper coil, is a small T-shaped device which is placed in your uterus by a trained healthcare provider. The tiny IUD releases copper ions, which prevent pregnancy by making it difficult 1) for sperm to move and 2) for fertilized eggs to settle in your womb. Once inserted it can stay in place for 5 and up to 10 years (depending on the type you choose) or until you decide to remove it.