Compare contraceptives

Explore all contraceptives side-by-side to find your best fit

CONTRACEPTION METHODS

TYPICAL USE EFFICACY

PROS

CONS

STI

REGIMEN

Contraceptive Implant

(Hormonal method)

TYPICAL USE EFFICACY

PROS

  • Highly effective
  • Long-acting
  • reversible
  • Not visible
  • CONS

  • May initially cause changes in menstrual bleeding patterns
  • STI

  • No STI Protection
  • REGIMEN

  • Every 3-5 years
  • Male Condom

    (Barrier Method)

    A rubber latex sheath that covers the penis during sex.

    TYPICAL USE EFFICACY

    PROS

  • STI protection
  • Low cost
  • Easy to use
  • CONS

  • Interrupts sex
  • STI

  • STI Protection
  • REGIMEN

  • Every time
  • Contraceptive Injection

    (Hormonal method)

    An injection of hormones either in the muscle or under the skin by a healthcare provider.

    TYPICAL USE EFFICACY

    PROS

  • Highly effective
  • Widely available
  • Not visible
  • CONS

  • May initially cause changes in menstrual bleeding patterns
  • STI

  • No STI Protection
  • REGIMEN

  • Every 1-3 months
  • Spermicides

    (Chemical method)

    A type of cream, foam or gel that restricts movement of the sperm.

    TYPICAL USE EFFICACY

    PROS

  • Low cost
  • Hormone-free
  • Widely available
  • CONS

  • Interrupts sex; low reliability
  • STI

  • No STI Protection
  • REGIMEN

  • Every time
  • Withdrawal Method

    (Other method)

    Removal of the penis from the vagina before ejaculation.

    TYPICAL USE EFFICACY

    PROS

  • No cost
  • CONS

  • Low reliability
  • STI

  • No STI Protection
  • REGIMEN

  • Every time
  • DIAPHRAGM

    (Barrier Method)

    A small latex dome that is placed over the cervix to prevent sperm from entering the uterus.

    TYPICAL USE EFFICACY

    PROS

  • Low cost
  • Hormone-free
  • Widely available
  • CONS

  • Interrupts sex
  • STI

  • No STI Protection
  • REGIMEN

  • Less than 24 hours
  • The Pill

    (Hormonal method)

    The Pill is a small tablet containing hormones that needs to be taken every day.

    TYPICAL USE EFFICACY

    PROS

  • Highly effective
  • Widely available
  • Easy to use
  • CONS

  • Has to be taken daily
  • STI

  • No STI Protection
  • REGIMEN

  • Daily
  • Contraceptive patch

    (Hormonal method)

    A small, stick-on patch that releases hormones into the body through the skin.

    TYPICAL USE EFFICACY

    PROS

  • Highly effective
  • Widely available
  • Easy to use
  • CONS

  • Visible; may come loose or fall off
  • STI

  • No STI Protection
  • REGIMEN

  • Weekly
  • Cervical Cap

    (Barrier method)

    A small cap that is placed over the cervix to prevent sperm from entering the uterus.

    TYPICAL USE EFFICACY

    PROS

  • Low cost
  • Hormone-free
  • Widely available
  • CONS

  • Interrupts sex
  • STI

  • No STI Protection
  • REGIMEN

  • Less than 48 hours
  • Intrauterine System (IUS)

    (Hormonal method)

    A small, hormone-releasing T-shaped device placed into the uterus by a healthcare provider.

    TYPICAL USE EFFICACY

    PROS

  • Highly effective
  • Long-acting reversible
  • Not visible
  • CONS

  • May cause changes in menstrual bleeding patterns
  • STI

  • No STI Protection
  • REGIMEN

  • Every 3-5 years
  • Intrauterine Device (IUD)

    (Non-hormonal method)

    A T-shaped device containing copper that is placed into the uterus by a healthcare provider.

    TYPICAL USE EFFICACY

    PROS

  • Highly effective
  • Long-acting reversible
  • Not visible
  • CONS

  • May cause heavier menstrual bleeding and cramps
  • STI

  • No STI Protection
  • REGIMEN

  • Every 5-10 years
  • Fertility Awareness

    (Other method)

    Having sex during the woman’s least fertile stages in her menstrual cycle.

    TYPICAL USE EFFICACY

    PROS

  • Low or no cost
  • CONS

  • Low reliability
  • STI

  • No STI Protection
  • REGIMEN

  • Daily
  • Sterilization

    (Permanent method)

    A surgical procedure that removes a woman’s or man’s reproductive ability.

    TYPICAL USE EFFICACY

    PROS

  • Highly effective
  • Hormone-free
  • Permanent
  • CONS

  • Permanent
  • STI

  • No STI Protection
  • REGIMEN

  • Permanent
  • Emergency Contraceptives

    (Hormonal method)

    A backup method to prevent pregnancy if a contraceptive method fails.

    TYPICAL USE EFFICACY

    PROS

  • Highly effective when used as directed
  • Widely available
  • CONS

  • Very high dose of hormones
  • STI

  • No STI Protection
  • REGIMEN

  • As soon as possible
  • Reference: https://www.your-life.com/en/contraception-methods/comparison/#methods-all
    Accessed on September 6, 2016